The First & Oldest Languages Ever Spoken

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Languages are an essential part of human civilisation. They serve as the foundation for communication, culture, and the sharing of ideas. Over the course of history, numerous languages have emerged and evolved, shaping the way we understand and interact with the world. In this article, we will explore the first and oldest languages ever spoken, tracing their origins and significance in the development of human society.


Language is a fundamental aspect of human existence, enabling us to express our thoughts, emotions, and desires. The development of languages has accompanied humanity throughout its history, evolving alongside our intellectual and cultural growth. By examining the first and oldest languages ever spoken, we gain valuable insights into the origins of human communication and the rich tapestry of ancient civilizations.

What Defines a Language?

Before delving into the specifics of ancient languages, it is crucial to understand what defines a language. A language is a system of communication used by a particular group of people, characterized by a set of grammar rules, vocabulary, and phonetics. It allows individuals to express themselves, convey complex ideas, and engage in meaningful interactions.

The Origin of Language

The exact origin of language remains a subject of debate among linguists and scholars. While there is no definitive answer, various theories propose that language evolved gradually over time, originating from early human ancestors. It is believed that our capacity for language developed alongside our cognitive abilities, leading to the emergence of complex communication systems.

Proto-Human Language

The earliest form of human language, often referred to as Proto-Human, dates back tens of thousands of years. Unfortunately, due to the lack of written records from that time, our understanding of Proto-Human is limited. However, by studying the similarities and patterns in modern languages, linguists have made significant strides in unraveling the linguistic roots of humanity.

Ancient Sumerian: The Cradle of Civilisation

One of the oldest written languages known to humankind is Ancient Sumerian. Spoken in Mesopotamia (modern-day Iraq and Kuwait) around 4,500 years ago, Sumerian is considered the cradle of civilization. Its cuneiform script, consisting of wedge-shaped impressions on clay tablets, served as a means of recording economic transactions, religious texts, and epic literature.

Egyptian Hieroglyphics: A Window into Ancient Egypt

In the realm of ancient languages, Egyptian hieroglyphics hold a special place. Developed around 3,200 BCE, this complex system of writing utilized symbols representing objects, ideas, and sounds. Hieroglyphics adorned the walls of temples and tombs, providing insights into the lives, beliefs, and history of the ancient Egyptians.

Sanskrit: The Sacred Language of Ancient India

Sanskrit, an ancient Indo-Aryan language, emerged in the Indian subcontinent around 2,000 BCE. Considered the language of the gods in Hindu mythology, Sanskrit became the medium for religious rituals, philosophical discourse, and classical literature. Its precise grammar and rich vocabulary influenced the development of numerous modern languages in South Asia.

Akkadian: The Language of Empires

Akkadian, a Semitic language spoken in Mesopotamia, gained prominence as the lingua franca of the Akkadian Empire in the third millennium BCE. It was widely used for administrative purposes, legal documentation, and correspondence between city-states. Akkadian's influence extended beyond its time, as subsequent civilizations adopted it for their diplomatic and scholarly communications.

Chinese: A Timeless Legacy

Chinese, with its long and unbroken history, is one of the oldest languages still spoken today. Dating back over 3,000 years, Chinese encompasses various dialects and written scripts. Classical Chinese, known as Classical Mandarin, served as the language of government, literature, and scholarly discourse for centuries, leaving an indelible mark on East Asian culture.

Mayan Hieroglyphs: Mysteries of an Ancient Civilization

The Mayan civilization, flourishing in Mesoamerica from 2000 BCE to 1500 CE, developed an intricate writing system known as Mayan hieroglyphs. These glyphs recorded the history, mythology, and astronomical knowledge of the Mayans. Deciphering this written language has provided valuable insights into their society, rituals, and understanding of the natural world.


Languages form an integral part of human history and cultural heritage. The first and oldest languages ever spoken paved the way for the development of civilizations, leaving a lasting impact on subsequent generations. From Ancient Sumerian's cuneiform script to the mysteries of Mayan hieroglyphs, these ancient languages offer us glimpses into the rich tapestry of human existence.

In conclusion, exploring the first and oldest languages ever spoken provides us with valuable insights into the origins of human communication and the diverse cultures that shaped our world. From the ancient scripts of Sumerian and Egyptian hieroglyphics to the enduring legacies of Sanskrit, Akkadian, Chinese, and Mayan hieroglyphs, these languages are a testament to the human capacity for language and expression. They remind us of our shared history and the power of words to transcend time and connect us across generations.

Frequently Asked Questions

What is the oldest written language?

The oldest known written language is Sumerian, dating back to around 4,500 years ago.

Is Sanskrit still spoken?

While Sanskrit is no longer spoken as a native language, it is still used for religious rituals and in scholarly circles.

How were Egyptian hieroglyphics deciphered?

The decipherment of Egyptian hieroglyphics was achieved through the discovery of the Rosetta Stone, which contained inscriptions in Greek, Egyptian hieroglyphics, and demotic script.

How many characters are in the Chinese writing system?

The Chinese writing system consists of thousands of characters, with around 20,000 commonly used ones.

Can we fully understand Mayan hieroglyphs?

Although significant progress has been made in deciphering Mayan hieroglyphs, some aspects of the script and its meaning remain a subject of ongoing research and study.